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حرف های اضافه در مکانها و جابجایی در انگلیسی

Preposition Definitions for Location and Movement:

دقت داشته باشید که برای هر مورد، علاوه بر تعریف مربوطه با ذکر شماره، با توجه به تصویر، دو مثال زده شده است.
مفهوم و معنی با ذکر شماره با شما در کامنت.


1. In/inside – when something is in the interior of a 3 dimensional object.
داخل/ درون
Examples:
I’m in my car.
The time is right for dancing in the street.
.
2. On – when something is on top of an object or surface.
Examples:
I prefer to sit on the floor.
I just can’t wait to get on the road again.
.
3. At – expressing location in a specific place.
Examples:
She’s at the door.
Where are you at?
.
4. Near – a short distance away from (a place).
Examples:
Do you live near here?
The restaurant is near the bakery.
.
5. Under – directly below (generally 3 with dimensional objects).
Examples:
The cat is under the table.
Under the bridge downtown I gave my life away.
.
6. Over – directly on top of, but not touching (generally from one side to another).
Examples:
In the high jump, you have to jump over the bar.
Instead of going to the side of the rock, he drove over it.
.
7. Below – directly underneath (generally with 2 dimensional objects).
Examples:
Your stomach is below your chest.
The ocean floor is miles below the surface.
.
8. Above – on top up/over something, without touching it.
Examples:
He held a bucket of water above her head.
I want to fly above the clouds.
.
9. Round/around – on every side of.
Examples:
The hills around the city are beautiful.
I know for sure that life is beautiful around the world.
.
1o. Through – moving in one side and out the other side.
Examples:
The ball went through his legs.
The car went through the tunnel.
.
11. Among – surrounded by.
Examples:
The strawberries are hidden among the trees.
In the RLE Facebook Group, you’re among friends.
.
12. Between – in the space between two objects.
Examples:
The United States is located between Canada and Mexico.
The dog walked between us and lay down at our feet.
.
13. Behind – at the back/far side of something.
Examples:
Look at the sunset behind you.
There’s a naked person behind the tree.
.
14. In front of – the opposite of behind, a position at the front part of something.
Examples:
I’ll meet you in front of my house.
Wait for me in front of the supermarket.
.
15. Along – moving in a constant direction on (a path more or less horizontal).
Examples:
We were driving along a narrow [thin] road.
All along the watchtower, Princes kept the view.
.
16. Across – from one side to the other.
Examples:
She wants to travel across Europe.
They tumble blindly as they make their way across the universe.
.
17. Up – toward the sky or higher place.
Examples:
He jumped up.
Get up stand up, stand up for your rights.
.
18. Down – toward the ground or lower place.
Examples:
The sun is starting to go down.
Everything that goes up, must come down.
.
19. Opposite – have a position on the other or further side of something.
Examples:
A large group of people gathered [came together] on the opposite side of the street.
Opposite the school is a church.
.
20. Onto – moving to a location on (the surface of something).
Examples:
We got onto the train.
He jumped onto the rock.
.
21. Off – moving away and often down from.
Examples:
He fell off the bed while he was sleeping.
He jumped off the horse.
.
22. Into – to become enclosed/surrounded by something else.
Examples:
I want to jump into the water.
I will follow you into the dark.
.
23. Out of  – moving away from.
Examples:
Let’s get out of here. I’m tired.
He got out of the water.
.
24. Past – in front of or from one side to the other.
Examples:
He walked past me without saying hello.
The man drove past while honking his horn.
.
25. Next to/by/beside – in or into a position immediately to one side of.
Examples:
We sat next to each other.
Stand by me.
.
26. Against – in physical contact with something, generally supported by it.
Examples:
When I’m tired, I rest my back against the wall.
He stood with his back against the door.
.
27. Over – expressing passage or movement across the top of something.
Examples:
He jumped over the fence.
Somewhere over the rainbow, way up high.
.
28. From—to – from—the point in space where something starts, to—the point in space where something ends.
Examples:
He drove from his house to the store to get some fruit.
I’ll send it along with love from me to you.
.
29. Toward – in the direction of.
Examples:
I walked toward the front door.
She’s walking toward me.